PyeongChang Tourist Information

Portrait of Samyeongdang Daeseonsa(or Great Monk)

Portrait of Samyeongdang Daeseonsa(or Great Monk) Share


#374-8 (Dongsan-ri, Woljeongsa Temple), Odaesan-ro, Jinbu-myeon
Gangwon Province.


Cultural Asset


Type : Gangwon Province Tangible Cultural Asset No. 141.
Title : Yeongeunsa Temple's Portrait of Samyeongdang Daeseonsa(, or Great Monk).
Classification : Portrait
Designation Date : December 29, 2001.
Location : Woljeongsa Temple Seongbo Museum
Period : King Jeongjo in the Joseon Dynasty
Quantity : One(1) piece
Manager : Woljeongsa Temple

A portrait of Samyeongdang, a high priest of Buddhism and general(leader) of the Righteous Armies in the middle of Jeseon Dynasty(1392-1910), this is a painting of the great monk who sits on a chair seeing toward the front side, highlighting the left face and left ear of him. This description refers to "Jwaanchilbunmyeon of Jeonshingyoeui."

Because there is no painting record, it is unknown exactly when and who manufactured the piece, but it is presumed to have been drawn in the same period(1788) as a portrait of state preceptor Ven. Beomil. The painting is preserved in a clean and good shape without any damage and shows well a typical genre of the latter half of the Jeoseon Dynasty(1392-1910), being of great value.

This Portrait of Samyeongdang Daeseonsa(,or Great Monk) was initially shrined in the Chilseonggak Hall in Yeongeunsa Temple located at Gungchon-ri, Geundeok-myeon, Samcheok-si(or city) together with a Portrait of state preceptor Beomil, but was transferred to Woljeongsa Temple's Seongbo Museum on June 18, 1999. The work, on display is presumed to have been drawn by the same painter(Shin Gyeom) in the same period(1788) as a portrait of the great monk Beomil.

The face of the great monk, Samyeong on the screen is described in a realistic and minutely fashion and takes on an imposing ethos and a benign look rather than an air of dignity. The dense and abundant beard covers the monk's chest and his stout shoulders shows the spirit well of a monk leader. As his face was highlighted to emphasize the aspect of his mentality on the portrait, the painting used a schematic method through which expresses the lower body more poorly than the upper body of the subject. So, the overall ratio of the body is not balanced.


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