Type : Gangwon Province Tangible Cultural Asset No.136.
Classification : Buddhist Portrait
Title : Guryongsa Temple's Tripitaka Painting and Clothing Relic
Quantity : In package
Designation Date : December 29, 2001.
Location : Woljeongsa Temple Seongbo Museum
Period : King Gyeongjong in the Joseon Dynasty
Possessor : Guryongsa Temple
Manager : Woljeongsa Temple
This Tripitaka Painting(or 3 Buddhist Paintings) was manufactured in 1727(In the third year of King Yeongjo rule) in the Joseon Dynasty(1392-1910) and is the work of the first half of the 18th century which is rarely seen in Gangwon Province's altar portraits of Buddha. The preservation of the piece is in good shape. The neat and delicate expression of the monk's face, the elegantly flowing lines of a brush, and the exquisite patterns show its excellent quality of work.
The Tripitaka painting refers to a Buddha painting of each family, especially, the three bodhisattvas : Divyagarbhah Bodhisattva, Dharanimdharo Bodhisattva, and Ksitigarbhah Bodhisattva. The origin of the iconography is not exactly known. However, a faith in Ksitigarbhah Bodhisattva is seen to have been deepened, expanded and formed and so, the Tripitaka painting is known as a unique iconography which has been formed and developed in Korea only.
Most of what you would call 'old Buddhist paintings' among the Buddhist paintings currently enshrined in the temples nationwide were manufactured after Qing's Chien Long period(1736-1795), and the Buddhist paintings that were drawn during Yongzheng (1723～1735) or Kangxi's reign(1662～1722), like this Tripitaka Painting are very rare. The Buddhist paintings both in the first half of the 18th century during the years of Yongzheong in Qing country and in the second half of the same century during the years of Chien Long are different each other in terms of the form, especially in terms of coloring in several aspects; the Buddhist paintings in the first half of the 18th century highlights a bright tone of color, like this Tripitaka Painting.
The Tripitaka Painting is earlier than any other extant Buddhist paintings of the same form in the latter half of the Joseon Dynasty and is pretty much preserved in good shape. Its elaborate composition. the expression of the graceful and beautiful face, the expression of exquisite drawing lines and detailed patterns, and the red and green clouds whose outlines are described brightly all show that this work is a very excellent form, proving that it is a remarkable work.